The Public Interest

Why is black educational achievement rising?

David J. Armor

Summer 1992

IN LIGHT of the vigorous criticisms of American public education heard in recent years, one might reasonably conclude that our public schools are in a state of collapse. The need for reform is thought to be especially urgent in large, urban school districts. There, according to critics like Jonathan Kozol, disadvantaged students languish in deteriorating, segregated facilities with low standards, inferior and underfunded programs, and unmotivated teachers.

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