How to save our shrinking cities
THE first half of the twentieth century saw the widespread emergence of large cities in the United States. In 1900, there were only six cities with more than half a million inhabitants; only 50 years later, there were 17 such cities. Much of this urban growth was stimulated by two world wars and the government-supported expansion of war-related industries, most located in big Northeastern and Midwestern cities. The largest cities also benefited from the fact that for more than a decade after the Second World War the United States was the only country in the world with its manufacturing facilities intact.